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How to identify and treat tree diseases

Trees, much like living beings, can be susceptible to diseases. Understanding that trees are living organisms and being able to recognise these diseases is essential for effective treatment and maintenance. In this blog, we'll explore various types of tree diseases you may encounter and provide practical guidance on how to treat them, ensuring the well-being and resilience of these natural inhabitants in your ecosystem and gardens.


Identifying Tree Diseases:

1. Powdery Mildew:

  • Appearance: White or grey powdery growth on leaves, stems, and sometimes flowers.

  • Impact: Generally mild, but can lead to leaf distortion and premature leaf drop.

  • Management: Improve air circulation, prune affected areas, and consider fungicide treatments if needed.


2. Leaf Rust:

  • Appearance: Yellow, orange, or red spots on leaves.

  • Impact: Affects plant vigour, but rarely fatal.

  • Management: Remove and destroy affected leaves, avoid overhead watering, and use appropriate fungicides.


3.  Root Rot:

  • Appearance: Discoloured or soft roots, often accompanied by a foul smell.

  • Impact: It can be lethal as it affects the tree’s ability to absorb nutrients and water.

  • Management: Ensure proper drainage, avoid overwatering, and consider removing the tree in severe cases.


4. Canker Diseases:

  • Appearance: Sunken, dead areas on branches or trunks.

  • Impact: This can lead to structural weakness and branch dieback.

  • Management: Prune out infected branches, improve tree health, and avoid wounding the tree.


5. Verticillium Wilt:

  • Appearance: Yellowing and wilting of leaves, often on one side of the tree.

  • Impact: It can be fatal, especially in young or weakened trees.

  • Management: Remove affected limbs and provide adequate water and nutrients; sometimes, removal is the only option.n