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Willow & Poplar Varieties

Our hybrid Willow and Poplar trees have been produced by natural plant breeding techniques. The result has led to the propagation of our own selection of very vigorous clones that will grow approximately two meters per year - 6 to 8 feet. They are very hardy and will cope with the poorest of soils and very exposed sites, making them good for screens, hedges, windbreaks, fuel, game cover, logs, timber, and 'nurse trees' around slower growing species. They are also very effective for the rapid improvement of new and developing golf courses and general landscaping.

Further information on the particular varieties we grow in the nursery can be found here.

 

Hybrid Willow Varieties

Listed here are the varieties of willow we sell as our hybridized, fast-growing willow. These have been carefully selected to produce plants that are great candidates for windbreaks, screens, hedges (both woven & unwoven), coppice fuel, logs, biomass supply, riverbank stabilisation, woodland regeneration, game cover and to encourage wildlife.

They support a wide range of insect species (second only to Oak) and so are attractive to birds and other wildlife. Willow is very early to flower and is a good boost to bees at the start of the year.

When you place an order for Hybrid Willow, one of the following varieties will be selected based upon suitability for the time of purchase (i.e. point in the season), and location of planting. If you have a particular preference or are trying to match something you have been previously supplied with, please let us know at the time of your order.

Willow Variety Name

Parentage

Bowhayes Hybrid “A”

Salix. viminalis

Bowhayes Hybrd “C”

S. viminalis

Stott

S. viminalis x S. burjatica

Tora

S. viminals x S. schwerinnii

Bebbiana

S. sitchensis

Spiretti (Spaethii??)

S. spaethii

Q83

S. triandra x S. viminalis

 

Coloured / Common Willow Varieties

In addition to the hybrid willow we also stock a range of coloured and more decorative willow including the following. These can be found in the Native Trees section of the website. 

Common Name

Latin Name

Description

Red Willow

Salix alba britzensis

A spreading tree which provides great winter colour with its bright orange-scarlet stems. Produces yellow-green catkins in spring. Can grow to 25m or be coppiced to remain a bushy multi-stemmed shrub. 

Golden Willow

Salix alba vitellina

Bright, deep yellow stems with slender mid green leaves and yellowish catkins in early spring. Grown best as a bushy multi-stemmed shrub.

Purple Willow

Salix purpurea

Fast-growing colourful shrub with slender glossy green leaves and reddish, purple stems.

White Willow

Salix alba

Masses of silky hairy leaves give a lovely silvery effect. Pretty yellow catkins produce late winter. Max Height 10m. Max Spread 6m. Flowers February. Full sun. Hardy.

Goat Willow

Salix caprea

Also known as Pussy Willow or Great Sallow. A British native tree with yellow or silver catkins in spring, before the oval leaves appear. Glossy oblate green leaves. Max height 10m. Max spread 4m. Flowers March to May. Best in full sun.

Grey Willow

Salix cinerea

Very similar to Goat Willow, also known as Common Sallow. An ideal plant for reclamation work due to its ability to tolerate tough conditions. It has oval, not narrow leaves and has silky grey female flowers. The grey-brown bark can develop diamond shaped fissures with age.  Max Height 10m. Max Spread 4m. Flowers March. Full sun. Hardy. 

Violet Willow

Salix daphnoides

A hardy tree with purple young stems and narrow, toothed dark green leaves. Produces silky grey catkins in late winter and early spring, with the leaves. Max height 8m. Max spread 6m. Flowers March to May. Likes full sun. 

 

Hybrid Poplar Varieties

Our Hybrid Poplars will produce large handsome trees with a stout trunk. They make excellent high screens and windbreaks. They are also used to lift game birds, and for timber. They can also be coppiced like willows and will regenerate when cut. 

Poplar is the fastest growing hardwood in the UK and is in demand for furniture, interior joinery, floorboard and pallet making. 

When you place an order for Hybrid Poplar, one of the following varieties will be selected based upon suitability for the time of purchase (i.e. point in the season), and location of planting. If you have a particular preference or are trying to match something you have been previously supplied with, please let us know at the time of your order.

Poplar Variety Name

Parentage

Trichobel (Californian Poplar)

Populus trichocarpa

Gaver

P. deltoides x P. nigra

Beaupre

P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides

Ghoy

P. deltoides x P. nigra

Columbia River

P. trichocarpa

Fritzi Pauley

P. trichocarpa

Scott

P. trichocarpa

 

Common Poplar Varieties

In addition to the hybrid poplar we also stock a range of common poplar including the following. These can be found in the Native Trees section of the website.

Common Name

Latin Name

Description

Black Poplar

Populus nigra

A species of cottonwood poplars, mature trees can grow up to 30m and live for 200 years. The bark is dark brown but can appear black. Leaves are heart shaped, shiny and green. Grows best in wet, almost boggy conditions.

Grey Poplar

Populus x canescens

A striking tree with glossy dark green leaves, woolly grey beneath.

Medium-sized deciduous tree, grows up to 30 m, with a broad rounded crown. The bark is smooth and greenish-white to greyish-white with characteristic diamond-shaped dark marks on young trees, becoming blackish and fissured at the base of old trees.

White Poplar

Populus alba

A spreading tree with dark green leaves, white beneath, turning yellow in autumn. Good in coastal areas. Max height up to 20m. Pale grey bark with white twigs. 

Lombardy Poplar

Populus nigra ‘Italica’

A vigorous, narrow columnar tree that makes a striking appearance on the landscape. Its glossy dark green leaves, turn yellow in autumn. Part of the cottonwood species of poplar, the male catkins are the more ornamental, female ones can be a nuisance from the cottony, wind-blown seeds. Max height 30m but with a max spread of 5m.

Variegated Poplar

Populus candicans ‘Aurora’

A clone of the Balsam Poplar, this poplar has attractive variegated leaves that are marbled and tinged pink in Summer. Can reach 20m with a narrow cylindrical head.